During COP26 in Glasgow, a key issue was financing for a climate transition towards the goal of slowing global warming to 1.5°C. The need to take actions and measures to meet this objective has become an emergency. Thus, recognising this importance, the postgraduate studies division of the economics faculty of UNAM opened a dialogue in the discussion “Climate Policy in Mexico: Current and Prospective”, where Gabriela Niño, Mitigation and Financing advisor at Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH moderated the table on “Climate Financing and Prospective Climate Policy”.

In this dialogue space, it was emphasised that while Mexico has climate policies, there is still a long way to go to reach the goal. As Carlos López, professor at the Faculty of Economics at UNAM stated: “Doing nothing is the worst case scenario.” He added: “The current financial system has participated in the environmental problem, so it is necessary to start a long-term financial analysis.” Basurto complemented this statement by assuring that: “In monetary terms, the cost of inaction is much higher than starting to take measures to mitigate climate change.”

The Private Sector in the Fight Against Climate Change

Climate change is not a new problem, nor a government-only decision. For Karina Caballero, “Climate change mitigation and adaptation actions are shared responsibilities between public and private sectors.” However, for Dr. Pedro Álvarez, “The best way to safeguard natural resources is by giving them a value.” For this reason, he mentioned that socio-environmental undertakings are excellent initiatives to comply with climate change adaptation and mitigation measures. He argued that climate finance should pay more attention to this type of activity.

Although the four panellists agreed that the perspective of climate policy in Mexico has been framed within a pessimistic scenario, they also agree that international collaboration is necessary to achieve objectives; also, that it is essential to start doing different research–one that involves local needs. In the same way, they commented that it is essential to provide support in multidisciplinary exercises to create taxonomies, metrics and verifications to avoid greenwashing within the financial sector.

Panelists of the Conversation “Climate Policy in Mexico: current and prospective”.

With engagement in the states of Jalisco, Chiapas and Campeche, BioPaSOS is promoting climate action and the conservation of biodiversity. The project is implemented by CATIE (Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center) with support from other institutions and funding from the International Climate Initiative (IKI).

How does it work? Through Field Schools (ECAs) and workshops with specialists, BioPaSOS has established learning communities and strengthened the capacities of livestock producer families, undergraduate and postgraduate students and technical staff of local partners in each territory. Also, in each territory they are developing a research agenda on topics of interest, participating in exchange platforms on topics related to sustainable livestock production.

In the framework of climate action monitoring, BioPaSOS has organized experience exchanges between experts, sharing information that allows specific emission factors to be developed at regional and national levels. Additionally, in each of its territories of intervention, it has developed research on water and carbon footprints, GHG emissions in cattle ranches and monitoring of biodiversity in cattle landscapes.

Productores ganaderos de Chiapas estableciendo un banco forrajero en Escuela de Campo. © BioPaSOS
Chiapas livestock producers establishing a fodder bank in the Field School © BioPaSOS.

To contribute to biodiversity conservation, BioPaSOS is promoting the implementation of agrosilvopastoral and silvopastoral systems and good livestock practices. This contributes to the improvement and the diversification of livelihoods of cattle raising families. The project also aims to involve more young people and women, using citizen science as a mechanism to generate consciousness of the  importance of biodiversity conservation in these areas.

Capacitación a personal técnico de Chiapas relacionado con el sector ganadero © BioPaSOS
Training for technical personnel related to the livestock sector in Chiapas © BioPaSOS.

Other promoted actions include the development of methodologies and tools through applied research on ecological, economic and sociocultural issues in cattle ranches, as well as the implementation of actions to improve the coexistence between producers and their environment.

Paisaje ganadero de Jalisco, México ©BioPaSOS.
Jalisco livestock landscape, Mexico © BioPaSOS.

Finally, the BioPaSOS project has managed to strengthen associative capacities, providing an added value to products from family-run livestock organisations. This has allowed these families to access differentiated markets and therefore receive a higher income.

In the context of Covid-19 and in the framework of Urban October 2020, a space for dialogue was opened to reflect on the link between urban development and economic reactivation. In the discussion, actions that are being carried out for economic reactivation in different municipalities of the country were presented, and the role that municipalities play in attending to different emergencies was recognised to be of great relevance, since they know well the needs and the potential of their cities, as well as being the first in line when receiving citizens’ demands.

On October 7 of this year, the National Institute for Federalism and Municipal Development (Inafed) promoted a dialogue between the Deutsche Gesell­schaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ México) GmbH, the Ministry of Agricultural, Territorial and Urban Development (SEDATU) and the Municipality of Hermosillo, Sonora, to reflect on urban development and economic reactivation. The dialogue was attended by more than 200 public officials who connected through Zoom and Facebook Live platforms.

Dennis Quennet, talking on behalf of GIZ, stressed that the health emergency should not remove the focus from the climate emergency; he stressed that the upcoming climate plans, programmes, projects, and investments must have a sustainable and long-term vision. He proposed an acceleration of the recovery by promoting new markets and green jobs, highlighting the fields of infrastructure, mobility, and urban gardens, while addressing the challenges of climate change.

The municipal president of Hermosillo shared her vision and actions for sustainability in her municipality. They are working on Sustainable Mobility issues, promoting public space projects as triggers of economic activity, implementing green infrastructure that promotes the efficient use and management of water, and creating a circular economy centre.

Implementation process of the emergent bike path in the municipality of San Nicolás de los Garza, September 2020. © Courtesy Municipality of San Nicolas de los Garza, N.L.

For her part, Mariana Orozco, SEDATU’s Mobility Director, shared the 4S Mobility Plan (Healthy, Safe, Sustainable and Solidary) in which four strategies and several actions are promoted, through two guides and advice for municipalities.

To close the event, Quennet pointed out four key aspects for economic reactivation: coordination between different levels of government, cooperation between different sectors, sharing good local practices, and involving citizens. Rafael Cortés thanked GIZ Mexico for its contribution and cooperation, being one of the most active in promoting actions in the country’s municipalities.

View of the winning project of the national Green Infrastructure competition in Caffenio. © Courtesy of CAFFENIO

The National Emissions Registry (RENE) is a public policy instrument derived from the General Law on Climate Change (LGCC) in 2012, with the aim of compiling information on direct and indirect emissions of greenhouse gases and compound emissions (CyGEI) generated by the fixed and mobile sources of the different productive sectors across the country, which is used to trace climate policies in Mexico.

Annually, Establishments Subject to Reporting (ESR) regulated by the RENE Regulation, report their CyGEI emissions to the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT). The reports must be verified every 3 years by a Certification Body for the Verification and Validation of GHG Emissions (OC-VV-GEI) accredited by the Mexican Accreditation Entity (EMA) and approved by the Federal Attorney for Environmental Protection (PROFEPA), which certifies the relevance, integrity, consistency, transparency and precision of the information they contain.

The recent Emissions Trading System (ETS) Test Program in Mexico, effective as of January 1, 2020, is integrated with the information reported in the RENE and establishes the obligation of regulated facilities in the preliminary bases of the ETS, to present positive verification opinion on an annual basis only for its direct carbon dioxide emissions, in accordance with the procedure and criteria provided in the RENE Regulations.

In order to continue strengthening and creating OC-VV-GHG capacities in Mexico, SEMARNAT, in collaboration with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH through the project “Preparation of an Emissions Trading System in Mexico ”(SiCEM), organized the series of online seminars “Methodological Aspects for GHG Verification within the Framework of the report to the National Emissions Registry and the Emissions Trading System for Mexico”, with the participation of the EMA, PROFEPA, and 16 OC-VV-GEIs.

The seminars were held on August 24, 27 and 31, 2020 with the purpose of reinforcing the knowledge of the OC-VV-GHGs on the methodological aspects for the development of a risk analysis, the preparation and planning of sampling plans, and the calculation of materiality in the GHG emissions verification process based on the CyGEI Emissions Verification Criteria issued by SEMARNAT. In this way, it seeks to strengthen the verification process to provide reliability and transparency to the RENE and the ETS.

Seminar 1: Monday, August 24, 2020. Development of Risk Analysis.

Seminar 2: Thursday, August 27, 2020. Data Sampling and Materiality – Regulation, Concepts and Calculation.

Seminar 3: Monday, August 31, 2020. Materiality Calculation and Application of Sampling Methodologies.

With the entry into force of the Test Program of the Emissions Trading System in Mexico (ETS), the project “Preparation of an Emissions Trading System in Mexico” (SiCEM) of GIZ is supporting SEMARNAT in the design of the various components, with one highlight being the design of the auction scheme for the Mexican ETS.

The preliminary bases of the Test Program state in its 20th article: “As of the second year of the pilot phase of the Test Program, the Ministry may implement an auction scheme for the emission rights deposited in the auction reserve without economic effects, depending on the behavior of the emissions market.

Therefore, the study “Design of Auctions for the Emissions Trading System in Mexico” was carried out. This study is a first effort to establish scenarios that show what an auction scheme could look like for Mexico.

The analysis presents an overview of international best practices, the necessary elements in auction design, as well as technical and operational decisions that must be considered in the design process. For this purpose, four guiding principles were taken as a reference that include a broad review of the institutional structure in Mexico:

  1. Efficiency: Efficient allocations and prices while maintaining low transaction costs for participants.
  2. Simplicity: Reduction of administrative barriers for regulated participants, avoiding unnecessary complexity and achieving the qualification of a wide range of participating entities.
  3. Credibility: Operation through a regulatory financial framework that safeguards effectiveness against inappropriate market behavior.
  4. Compatibility: Compatibility with a broad design and objectives of the ETS including, but not limited to, future pricing prefeasibility, as well as international links.

Likewise, a preliminary analysis of the Mexican regulatory and institutional context was carried out, preliminarily identifying the relevant actors that would play a role in the implementation of the auction scheme and the regulations that could potentially to be adapted as a result of the implementation of the four proposed scenarios. These scenarios are mainly based on the following elements:

  1. Monitoring auctions using existing government agencies (regulators) or outside vendors (independent).
  2. Using the infrastructure of existing stock exchanges or use a new personalized platform.

Each of the proposed options represents advantages and disadvantages that will have to be further analyzed, but at the moment it is possible to list a series of recommendations for the design and subsequent operation of auctions guided by the aforementioned principles.

The presentation was carried out through a virtual session on August 10. This meeting was held within the framework of the project “Preparation of an Emissions Trading System in Mexico (SiCEM)” developed by GIZ and commissioned by the German Government in support of SEMARNAT. The session was attended by highly relevant institutions such as the Ministry of Finance and Public Credit (SHCP), the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV), the National Banking and Securities Commission (CNBV), the Mexican Banking Association (ABM), Mexico2 and Laguna Sustentabilidad and Law. The study was developed by the Vivid Economics consulting team.

For more information on this subject, please contact us at: comercial.emisiones-MX@giz.de

By 2030, there will be an increase in both the population and tourists in San Miguel de Allende (Guanajuato), which is why it is estimated that the costs of water provision will increase by at least 25% compared to today.

However, the question is, will there be enough drinking water to meet basic needs? According to Conagua studies, the aquifers that provide water to this world heritage city are already overexploited. Shortly, climate change scenarios estimate a decrease in rainfall throughout most of the year, which could affect the replenishment of the aquifer by up to 14%.

This indicates that, in a trend scenario, a Zero Day will arrive, as was the case in Cape Town (South Africa). At that point, the replenishment of the aquifer will be less than what is being extracted, and there will not be enough water for the population, meaning extreme actions would have to be taken.



To avoid this, the municipal government of San Miguel de Allende launched the Climate Change Assistance Program last month, starting in the communal lands of Doña Juana and San Agustín González. They have been the first to initiate the restoration of forests and soils in 83 semi-desert hectares, through the reforestation of 19,000 native plants and the construction of hand-made dams using stones and meshes.

Likewise, the rightsholders of the communal lands owners of El Salitre and Los Torres have begun preparations for the rehabilitation of soils on 550 hectares of land, as part of the Payment for Environmental Services agreement signed between the municipal government, the beneficiary communal lands, and the National Forestry Commission (Conafor).

These ecosystem-based adaptation measures aim to reduce the risk of water scarcity and soil erosion in the municipality and, in the short term, create temporary jobs for the people of San Miguel, in the face of the crisis caused by COVID-19.

The program is led by the municipal government of San Miguel de Allende with financing and cooperation from various actors, including a developer in the real estate-tourism sector, representatives of the communal lands of San Agustín González, Doña Juana, Los Torres, and El Salitre, Conafor, and technical advice from the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, as well as from civil society organizations Salvemos al río Laja, GAIA, Guanajuato Conservation Corps and Vía Orgánica.

Throughout 2019, areas for improvement were identified in the socio-economic evaluation of Comprehensive Urban Solid Waste Management (MSW) projects, in particular the methodologies carried out by the Center for Studies for the Preparation and Socioeconomic Evaluation of Projects (CEPEP) and the Financing Energy for Low-Carbon Investment – Cities Advisory Facility (FELICITY) of the Deutsche Gesell­schaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit  (GIZ) GmbH, with the support from the PIAPPEM consultancy. These methodologies will help the municipalities in decision-making for the implementation of projects.


Credits: Felicity. Own. Event Banner


In November, CEPEP and FELICITY co-organized very enriching spaces for the exchange of experiences for all participants, with an atmosphere of dialogue and shared experiences to strengthen the capacities of the sector.


Credits: Itzel Alcerreca. Interventions by the Head of the SHCP Investment Unit, Jorge Nuño Lara (left) and Helge Arends, Director of the GIZ Agenda 2030 Program (right).


On November 19, the first Technical Meeting was held on project preparation and evaluation; the event was co-organized by CEPEP and FELICITY.  Jorge Nuño Lara, Head of the Investment Unit of the SHCP and Helge Arends, Director of the GIZ Agenda 2030 Program, participated in the event.

Presentations topics included:

  • National financing strategies, examples of sub-national cases, as well as the challenges and quantities of non-recoverable support that PRORESOL can contribute to infrastructure projects for Comprehensive MSW Management; given by Carlos Puente; Director of Energy, Environment and Water at FONADIN
  • International Presentations: Chile, represented by Eduardo Contreras, specialist in project evaluation at the University of Chile, who highlighted the value of multi-criteria analysis as a tool to locate and evaluate costs; and William Maroto, representative of Costa Rica, who presented us with success stories from MSW Comprehensive Management projects in the Oreamuno municipality of Costa Rica.


Credits: Itzel Alcerreca. Sharing Experiences at a Sub-national Level in Mexico (above) and Costa Rica (below).


Seventy people attended, 40% of them women. The attendees came from different sectors: financial, technical and project promoters, with national and international experience in project preparation, management, and evaluation.


Credits: Felicity. Collaborative distribution of the event participants.


As part of raising awareness of RSU management, on November 20, a brief exchange was held between internal SHCP personnel to identify the main challenges and areas for improvement in project preparation.


Credits: Itzel Alcerreca. Sharing challenges and areas for improvement with different areas of SHCP


Event information can be found here and presentations are available at the following link.

The Emissions Trading System (ETS) is one of the carbon price mechanisms that has accelerated the mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions over the past decade. It works using the “cap and trade” principle. A limit is imposed on emissions from one or more economic sectors, and regulated facilities are granted a limited number of emission rights that they can trade among themselves, to carry out their compliance obligations in a cost-effective manner.

There are factors that ensure the proper functioning of an ETS; among them, stability in carbon prices and a supply of emission rights that is consistent with market demand. The current economic recession caused by COVID-19 has altered these two variables and has presented significant challenges for the more than 20 ETS operating around the world. It is important to be aware of the global strategies to overcome these challenges and identify lessons learned that could strengthen the ETS Test Program in Mexico, in force since January 2020.

According to ICAP data, there was a significant drop in carbon prices in California and Quebec in March, as well as in the European Union (EU), where it fell from an average of 25 EUR to 15 EUR. In Switzerland, the auction of emission rights was even rescheduled due to the price drop. Commercialization of emission rights in the ETS of the EU is affected by oversupply, which can lead to a reduction in public revenue from auctions, and discourage investments in mitigation technologies.

Countries such as Canada, China, Korea, and Switzerland have responded to these impacts by postponing compliance and reporting dates, while the European Commission anticipates a reduction in the number of emission rights available within the Market Stability Reserve. On the other hand, Poland and the Czech Republic have suggested a review of the EU’s ETS conditions.

Strategies implemented by other countries help inform Mexico of the risks faced by ETS and their possible solutions. The project “Preparation of an Emissions Trading System in Mexico” (SiCEM), implemented by the Deutsche Gesell¬schaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH will follow the evolution of the system’s global situation closely.

States and regions play a critical role in achieving green recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. These jurisdictions are closest to the communities and have a great opportunity to link economic recovery measures with environmental considerations.

The Climate Footprint Project, which supports the governments of Baja California, Jalisco and Yucatan to improve their greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction and monitoring efforts, has recognized the importance of adapting to the current crisis. It seeks to demonstrate the importance of Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) systems in providing the data that will allow state governments to assess the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of climate actions. Furthermore, this will help to highlight one of the most important results we have been able to see so far: the mainstreaming of climate change.

In the face of travel restrictions and large group meetings, the project has reinvented itself to achieve its goals. A concrete example is the Jalisco experience, where a series of technical webinars have been developed with the different Ministries that form part of the mitigation group at the state’s Inter-Institutional Action Commission on Climate Change, as part of the capacity-building offered by the project. For one month – online – representatives from each Ministry have joined working groups to continue mainstreaming climate change in their entities.

Credits: The Climate Group. Webinar-Presentation System for monitoring climate actions at the sub-national level with GIZ (May 19).

Through interactive tools, the team facilitated work sessions to develop and identify mitigation actions and indicators that lead towards monitoring a future green recovery. Similar work will be done in the states of Yucatan and Baja California. In parallel, the “From Follow-up to Action” series of peer-to-peer forums will begin shortly, providing another opportunity for state governments to learn virtually.


Credits: The Climate Group. Virtual working group – Jalisco transport sector.


The project Huella Climática is led by The Climate Group as a ministry of Coalición Under2, and supports state and regional governments in Mexico, Brazil, India, and South Africa. Its main objectives are:

  • To provide a customized package of technical assistance and training for states to improve their capabilities and knowledge on Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) systems;
  • To align regional MRV systems with national and local efforts in order to promote integrated climate action through dialogs between national, state, regional and local governments, and align climate actions at all levels of government;
  • To promote knowledge exchange and the reproduction of good practices at an international level through case studies and peer forums, among others.

Human mobility in the context of climate change has gained space in international agendas on sustainable development and climate change. The formulation of the National Adaptation Plans of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) member countries following COP 16 represents an opportunity to consider internal climate migration from a human rights perspective.

Climate migration is a reality all over the world. As the global average temperature increases to 1.5°C, there will be an increase in incidents of internal migration and displacement. The challenge is much greater for the most vulnerable countries: Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS). According to a study by the World Bank, it is projected that by 2050, in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America alone, around 143 million people could be forced to move within their own countries to escape the impacts of climate change.

Under the 2010 Cancun Adaptation Framework, the Parties to the UNFCCC assumed the commitment to intensify their work identifying and implementing strategies of adaptation to climate change, among others things; this involves taking measures to improve understanding, coordination, and cooperation regarding displacement, migration, and planned relocation as a consequence of climate change. In addition, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 addresses the displacement caused – or not – by climate disasters, as well as the contribution of migrants to resilience at their destination. However, the official recognition of climate-induced migration and displacement is still in its early stages within international agreements on climate change.

Human mobility related to climate risks can occur in response to different types of risks and in different ways: forced displacement, voluntary migration, organized relocation, within a country or across borders, individually, or as a community. For its part, the International Organization for Migration maintains a sustainable development perspective, which allows needs to be met and vulnerabilities of populations exposed to environmental factors to be reduced, through disaster risk reduction and adaptation measures to climate change.

One of the initiatives in the field that has most gained momentum at an international level is the understanding of migration as part of the adaptation strategy that can be promoted through planned relocation and resettlement, or through temporary migration. However, it is increasingly evident that the ability to migrate – beyond a human right – is a function of mobility and resources (both financial and social); that is, the people most vulnerable to climate change are not necessarily the most likely to migrate.

It is important to understand the context that motivates the displacement of people due to reasons associated with climate change. However, going further than the risk-focused approach, the challenge of the international agenda and regulatory frameworks at an international level lies in addressing an approach that focuses on the human rights of migrants – the movement itself and the destination. Furthermore, it should focus on those who, for economic, social, or cultural reasons, are forced to stay in the affected or most at-risk areas.

To date, only a few countries have finished formulating their National Adaptation Policy (NAP). In the case of Mexico, the government is in charge of initiating a participative construction process with regional actors. For their part, other countries are still defining their strategy to comply with the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), either by increasing the ambition of their goals or by updating national commitments. This represents an opportunity for these countries to consider climate risk and the challenges and opportunities of migration in national development planning, from a human rights and people-centered approach.

In order to generate an instrument that contributes to increasing Mexico’s resilience to climate change and compliance with the NDCs on adaptation, the process of preparing the National Adaptation Policy (NAP) must be participatory, representative, and use the regionalization perspective.

The July 2018 reforms to the General Law on Climate Change sought to harmonize the national legal framework with the commitments that Mexico took on in the 2015 Paris Agreement. One reform on the subject of adaptation considers the creation of a NAP, under the framework of the National Climate Change System, which strengthens and facilitates synergies between the various international, national and sub-national mandates on the matter.

With the intention of guiding the preparation phase prior to the formal NAP preparation process, the Mexican-German Alliance on Climate Change project, implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, coordinated and supervised the preparation of the document “Support in the Design of a Roadmap for Planning the National Policy on Adaptation to Climate Change of Mexico (NAP)” (January 2019), for the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT).

The document reviews the institutional, legal and political frameworks that underpin adaptation climate action in Mexico, to generate the proposal for a roadmap that can indicate the specific components and activities necessary for the formulation of the NAP. Among the most important elements of the roadmap is the relevance of carrying out a broad participatory process – with governmental and non-governmental, national and local actors – which can facilitate the collection of experiences and initiatives to generate a successful public policy that reflects the concerns and real priorities of the population.



Given Mexico’s ecosystem and climatic diversity, a regionalization perspective is an indispensable feature in the process of preparing the NAP. In this way, it is intended to address the diversity of vulnerabilities and the differentiated impacts – present and future – that occur in the country. This proposal would facilitate the adoption of different types of adaptation approaches that respond to the priorities of each area and the sectors involved.

Tracing a common axis on adaptation using a holistic, decentralized and representative National Adaptation Policy will enable the adoption of concrete and effective measures that increase Mexico’s resilience through climate policy at a subnational level.

Within the framework of the recent launch of the Emissions Trading System (ETS) Test Program in Mexico in January, 2020, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH project “Preparation of an Emissions Trading System in Mexico” (SiCEM) is carrying out capacity development activities, dissemination, and dialogue regarding the ETS with various actors. The aim is to work together with public, private, and civil society sectors in order to create an environment conducive to the implementation of an Emissions Trading System in the country.

In this context, together with the Mora Institute and the academic publisher Springer, the SiCEM project is supporting a collaborative effort to write a multi-author academic book on the Emissions Trading System in Mexico. Academics from important national and international research centers will participate in the book. Recently, these researchers were summoned to a seminar to present their progress, as well as to hold an interesting conversation in order to shape the book’s thematic structure.


Credits: GIZ. Researchers during the event.

The seminar was held on March 10, 2020, at the Mora Institute facilities in Mexico City. This institution convened the event, with the support of the SiCEM project implemented by GIZ on behalf of Germany’s Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). Participants included distinguished universities such as the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), the Center for Research and Teaching in Economics (CIDE), Anahuac University, the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN), the Autonomous University of Baja California Sur (UABCS), and the Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences (FLACSO). Furthermore, researchers participated virtually from international universities and research centers such as Stanford University, the University of California, and the Alexander Von Humboldt Foundation.


Credits: GIZ. The researchers discussed the book’s progress.


The conversation revolved around different subject areas. Firstly, it was acknowledged that the book needed to contain a section that would contextualize the ETS in the framework of the country’s public policies and compliance with international agendas. The importance of analyzing the legal framework that supports the implementation of the ETS in Mexico, along with its institutional and governance structure, was also discussed. Finally, the discussion covered the design elements of the ETS as well as perspectives that will further strengthen the instrument, as the Mexican ETS transitions from its test phase to the operational phase.

Academic research about the ETS is key to generating analysis and inputs that can strengthen the instrument’s Operational Phase. Thus, the SiCEM project will continue to support promotional activities for this research in Mexico. In the coming months, efforts to build capacities, facilitate dialogue, and develop additional technical studies to strengthen the system’s design will continue to be featured on the “IKI Alliance Mexico” blog.

For more information on this subject, please contact us at: Comercio.Emisiones-MX@giz.de