Learning from each other: cooperation in climate policy with Mexico
With the reform of Mexico’s climate legislation in 2018, the country also enshrined its national climate targets (Nationally Determined Contributions, NDCs) in law within the framework of the Paris Agreement. In the international arena, Mexico also declared its willingness to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 22 per cent (with international support by 36 per cent) by 2030 relative to the ‘business as usual’ scenario. Likewise, in its efforts to adapt to climate change, , Mexico is pursuing ambitious goals, which are set out in 21 specific measures. For example, the country aims to stop deforestation, meaning the (illegal) conversion of forest areas into other forms of land use. The number of cities and communities that are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change is to decrease by at least 50 per cent. In addition, the installation of early warning systems is planned throughout the country.
However, there is a lack of efficient steering, planning and monitoring instruments. Mexico also needs robust funding and channels for climate finance. Human and financial resources are scarce, especially in the country’s various regions. Furthermore, implementation planning must be translated into actual implementation.
A close Mexican-German climate partnership enables Mexico to implement specific measures for achieving its NDCs. Mexico has reduced its volume of greenhouse gas emissions and is better adapted to the impacts of climate change.
The project supports the Mexican Ministry of Environment with developing short-term and long-term planning instruments and establishing a transparency system for monitoring and continuously improving the achievement of its NDC targets. In addition, the project supports innovative financing mechanisms for specific measures. This also applies to innovations emerging from the private sector.
In the country’s regions the project is strengthening the capacity of stakeholders so that they are better prepared to put their contribution into practice. The project also promotes Mexican-German and international dialogue on NDC implementation and climate-friendly consumption, with a view to innovations generated by the private sector. This dialogue gives rise to (international) sharing of experience with Mexico while enabling relevant findings to be included in global discussions and climate negotiations. Finally, the project supports regular exchange and joint knowledge management with all IKI projects in Mexico.
The project has achieved results in a number of areas so far: